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UMR7194 - Publications dans des revues indexées (2013)

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2013



  • Adelsberger, Katherine A., Smith, Jennifer R., McPherron, Shannon P., Dibble, Harold L., Olszewski, Deborah I., Schurmans, Utsav A., et Chiotti, Laurent.0 « Desert Pavement Disturbance And Artifact Taphonomy: A Case Study From The Eastern Libyan Plateau, Egypt ». Geoarchaeology 28(2): 112-130. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gea.21431/abstract.
    Résumé : Accretionary desert pavements on the eastern Libyan Plateau of central Egypt support a rich Middle and Upper Paleolithic artifact assemblage exhibiting intensive blank production and minimal tool production. These assemblages appear to be in primary context with numerous examples of lithic refits showing on-site lithic production. However, the smallest (length ≤2.5 cm) archaeological fragments are recovered at a much lower rate on this desert pavement surface than expected given comparable data from lithic assemblages in cave and shelter contexts in France. Excavation of archaeological contexts on the Libyan Plateau reveals the loss of small artifact fragments into the subsurface due to aeolian accumulation of silts, whereas geomorphic examination of desert pavement surfaces suggests a potential for relatively isolated bioturbation as a source of lateral and vertical disturbance of desert pavement surfaces over small areas. Archaeologists should be aware of the potential for long-term assemblage stability as well as small artifact burial in surficial desert pavement contexts.


  • Balzeau, A., Grimaud-Hervé, D., Détroit, Florent, Holloway, R. L., Combès, B., et Prima, S.0 « First Description Of The Cro-Magnon 1 Endocast And Study Of Brain Variation And Evolution In Anatomically Modern Homo Sapiens ». Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d'anthropologie de Paris 25(1-2): 1-18. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13219-012-0069-z.
    Résumé : Paleoneurology is an important research field for studies of human evolution. Variations in the size and shape of the endocranium are a useful means of distinguishing between different hominin species, while brain asymmetry is related to behaviour and cognitive capacities. The evolution of the hominin brain is well documented and substantial literature has been produced on this topic, mostly from studies of endocranial casts, or endocasts. However, we have only little information about variations in endocranial form, size and shape in fossil anatomically modern Homo sapiens (AMH) and about the evolution of the brain since the emergence of our species. One good illustration of this limited knowledge is that one of the first fossil H. sapiens discovered, in 1868, that is also one of the oldest well-preserved European specimen has never been studied in what concerns its endocranial morphology. The first aim of this study was to propose a detailed description of the endocranial anatomy of Cro-Magnon 1, using imaging methodologies, including an original methodology to quantify endocranial asymmetries. The second aim was to compare samples of the fossil and extant AMH in order to document differences in the form, size and shape of the endocasts. A decrease in absolute endocranial size since the Upper Palaeolithic was noticeable. Although both extant and older endocrania have the same anatomical layout, we nonetheless found non-allometric differences in the relative size and organization of different parts of the brain. These document previously unknown intraspecific anatomical variations in the H. sapiens brain, demonstrating its plasticity, with some areas (frontal and occipital lobes) having been more subject to variation than others (parietal, temporal or cerebellar lobes). That may be due to constraints to maintain an optimal performance while reducing in size and changing in shape during our recent evolution.
    Mots-clés : Asymétrie, Asymmetry, Évolution cérébrale, Brain evolution, Cro-Magnon, Demography, Endocasts, Endocrânes, Evolutionary Biology, Homo sapiens, Human genetics, Paléoneurologie, Paleoneurology.


  • Balzeau, Antoine.0 « Thickened Cranial Vault And Parasagittal Keeling: Correlated Traits And Autapomorphies Of Homo Erectus? ». Journal of Human Evolution 64(6): 631-644. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248413000651.
    Résumé : Homo erectus sensu lato (s.l.) is a key species in the hominin fossil record for the study of human evolution, being one of the first species discovered and perhaps the most documented, but also because of its long temporal range and having dispersed out of Africa earlier than any other human species. Here I test two proposed autapomorphic traits of H. erectus, namely the increased thickness of the upper cranial vault and parasagittal keeling. The definition of these two anatomical features and their expression and variation among hominids are discussed. The results of this study indicate that the upper vault in Asian H. erectus is not absolutely thicker compared with fossil anatomically modern Homo sapiens, whereas Broken Hill and Petralona have values above the range of variation of H. erectus. Moreover, this anatomical region in Asian H. erectus is not significantly thicker compared with Pan paniscus. In addition, these results demonstrate that cranial vault thickness should not be used to make hypotheses regarding sexual attribution of fossil hominin specimens. I also show that the relation between relief on the external surface of the upper vault, parasagittal keeling and bregmatic eminence, and bone thickness is complex. In this context, the autapomorphic status of the two analysed traits in H. erectus may be rejected. Nevertheless, different patterns in the distribution of bone thickness on the upper vault were identified. Some individual variations are visible, but specificities are observable in samples of different species. The pattern of bone thickness distribution observed in Asian H. erectus, P. paniscus, possibly australopiths, and early Homo or Homo ergaster/erectus appears to be shared by these different species and would be a plesiomorphic trait among hominids. In contrast, two apomorphic states for this feature were identified for Neandertals and H. sapiens. Homo erectus sensu lato (s.l.) est une espèce clé au sein du registre fossile, étant l'une des premières découvertes et peut être la mieux documentée, mais aussi en raison de sa grande extension chronologique et ayant joué un rôle dans les premières migrations humaines hors du continent africain. Nous testons ici deux caractères supposés autapomorphes pour l'espèce H. erectus, en l'occurrence une épaisseur plus importante de la voûte crânienne et la présence de carènes parasagittales. Plus généralement, nous discutons la définition de ces caractères, ainsi que leur expression et variation chez les hominidés. Nous observons que la partie supérieure de la voûte chez H. erectus n'est pas plus épaisse en valeurs absolues que chez les Hommes modernes fossiles, alors que les valeurs pour Broken Hill et Petralona sont dans la variation observée chez H. erectus. Par ailleurs, cette partie anatomique n'est pas significativement plus épaisse en valeurs relatives en comparaison avec Pan paniscus. Nos résultats montrent aussi que l'épaisseur crânienne ne doit pas être utilisée pour proposer des hypothèses sur l'attribution sexuelle de spécimens fossiles d'homininés. Nous montrons aussi que la relation entre les reliefs sur la surface externe de la voûte, les carènes parasagittale et l'éminence bregmatique, ainsi qu'avec l'épaisseur osseuse est complexe. Dans ce contexte, le statut autapomorphe pour H. erectus des deux caractères analysés peut être rejeté. Néanmoins, nous avons identifié plusieurs schémas de distribution de l'épaisseur crânienne pour la partie supérieure de la voûte. Le schéma de distribution de l'épaisseur osseuse observé chez H. erectus, chez P. paniscus et probablement chez les australopithèques, premiers représentants du genre Homo et Homo ergaster/erectus africains comme nous avons pu l'observer sur quelques spécimens ici, apparait être partagé entre ces espèces et serait un caractère plésiomorphe au sein des hominidés. Au contraire, nous avons aussi identifié deux états apomorphes différents pour ce caractère, respectivement chez les Néandertaliens et chez Homo sapiens.
    Mots-clés : Cranial vault thickness, Endocranial anatomy, Hominin evolution, Imaging methodologies.


  • Balzeau, Antoine, et Rougier, Hélène.0 « New Information On The Modifications Of The Neandertal Suprainiac Fossa During Growth And Development And On Its Etiology ». American Journal of Physical Anthropology 151(1): 38–48. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22249/abstract.
    Résumé : The question of whether suprainiac depressions observed on Neandertals and in other human samples are homologous is widely discussed. Recently (Balzeau and Rougier, 2010), we ascertained the autapomorphic status of the Neandertal suprainiac fossa as a depression showing specific external bone features together with a thinning of the diploic layer with no substantial remodeling nor variation in the external table thickness. A suprainiac fossa with these characteristics is systematically present on Neandertals from the earliest developmental stages on, and since the beginning of the differentiation of the Neandertal lineage. Here, we present a detailed analysis of the micro-CT dataset (resolution of 50 μm) of the occipital bone of the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal child, whose proposed age-at-death is around 2 years, and we compare it to the adult condition as represented by La Chapelle-aux-Saints 1 (resolution of 122 μm). We describe and quantify the boundaries between the different structural layers of the occipital bone, namely the external and internal tables and the diploic layer. We also describe very fine details of the diploic layer structure that had never before been observed on fossil hominins. This study illustrates for the first time that the internal particularities that make the suprainiac fossa a Neandertal autapomorphy are evident early during growth and development. Moreover, we demonstrate that the developmental pattern and causes of expression for the features observed in modern humans and Neandertals are certainly different, indicating that these features are not homologous traits from evolutionary and functional perspectives. Consequently, we confirm the autapomorphic status of the Neandertal suprainiac fossa. Am J Phys Anthropol 151:38–48, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Mots-clés : diploic layer, homology, micro-CT, occipital bone, tabular tables.

  • Beck, Lucile, Genty, Dominique, Lahlil, Sophia, Lebon, Matthieu, Tereygeol, Florian, Vignaud, Colette, Reiche, Ina, Lambert, Elsa, Valladas, Hélène, et Kaltnecker, Evelyne.0 « Non-Destructive Portable Analytical Techniques For Carbon In-Situ Screening Before Sampling For Dating Prehistoric Rock Paintings ». Radiocarbon 55(2–3): 436–444. https://journals.uair.arizona.edu/index.php/radiocarbon/article/view/16248.

  • Beyneix, Alain.0 « Néolithique: À L'aube De La Médecine Occidentale ». Archeologia (506): 52–60. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=27041239.

  • Biton, Rebecca, Geffen, Eli, Vences, Miguel, Cohen, Orly, Bailon, Salvador, Rabinovich, Rivka, Malka, Yoram, Oron, Talya, Boistel, Renaud, et Brumfeld, Vlad.0 « The Rediscovered Hula Painted Frog Is A Living Fossil ». Nature communications 4. http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2013/130604/ncomms2959/full/ncomms2959.html?WT.ec_id=NCOMMS-20130605.


  • Blain, Hugues-Alexandre, Agustí, Jordi, López-García, Juan Manuel, Haddoumi, Hamid, Aouraghe, Hassan, Hammouti, Kamal El, Pérez-González, Alfredo, Chacón, María Gema, et Sala, Robert.0 « Amphibians And Squamate Reptiles From The Late Miocene (Vallesian) Of Eastern Morocco (Guefaït-1, Jerada Province) ». Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33(4): 804-816. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02724634.2013.740541.
    Résumé : ABSTRACT The fossil amphibians and squamate reptiles from the late Miocene (Vallesian) of Guefaït-1 are described for the first time. The herpetofaunal assemblage is composed of Discoglossinae indet., Lacertidae indet., Dopasia sp. (Anguidae), Colubridae s. l. indet., and Naja cf. antiqua (Elapidae). This herpetofaunal assemblage is less diverse than the Moroccan herpetofauna from the middle and early late Miocene mainly because of the absence of Afro-tropical taxa, probably due to increasing aridity; likewise, it is less diverse than the Plio-Pleistocene herpetofauna, which was enriched by the entry of some European taxa during the Messinian Crisis. The presence of a discoglossine frog, different from all existing European and North African genera, in the late Miocene of Guefaït-1 suggests that the diversity of this group in the Miocene of North Africa may have been greater than previously thought. The occurrence of an anguid lizard of the genus Dopasia in the Miocene of Morocco is confirmed and may constitute the earliest record of the genus for Africa. The range of the cobra Naja antiqua, until now only known from the middle Miocene (Mellalesian) of Beni Mellal, Morocco, is extended; this constitutes the latest record of the species.


  • Borel, Antony, Gaillard, Claire, Moncel, Marie-Hélène, Sala, Robert, Pouydebat, Emmanuelle, Simanjuntak, Truman, et Sémah, François.0 « How To Interpret Informal Flakes Assemblages? Integrating Morphological Description, Usewear And Morphometric Analysis Gave Better Understanding Of The Behaviors Of Anatomically Modern Human From Song Terus (Indonesia) ». Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 32(4): 630-646. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278416513000172.
    Résumé : Stone artifacts are the most numerous remains provided by early Holocene sites in Southeast Asia. They are thus of prime importance to understand better human behaviors of this region. However, they are typo-technologically difficult to characterize and consist mainly of informal flakes. This paper presents an innovative approach focusing on form and function to better assess the prehistoric use of stone tools in the region using a sample of flakes from the cave of Song Terus, Java, Indonesia. The integration of morphological description, usewear and morphometric analysis (Elliptical Fourier Analysis) allows a detailed characterization of tool use not possible with other methods. We demonstrate that a specific form of stone flake is not related to a particular function and vice versa. Our results show that tool production was not oriented towards the production of flakes of specific form, or to the production of flake blanks that could be modified by retouch but was a system where the control of flake shape was relaxed in favor of the selection of flakes suitable for particular tasks either during reduction or once core reduction had concluded.
    Mots-clés : Elliptical Fourier Analysis, Form, Function, Indonesia, Morphometry, Plant, Song Terus, Southeast Asia, Stone flake, Usewear.

  • Bover, Pere, Rofes, Juan, Bailon, Salvador, Agustí, Jordi, Cuenca-bescós, Gloria, Torres, Enric, et Alcover, Josep Antoni.0 « The Late Miocene/early Pliocene Vertebrate Fauna From Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Western Mediterranean): An Update ». Integrative Zoology. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1749-4877.12049/abstract.

  • Coye, Noël, et Hurel, Arnaud.0 « L'archéologie Préhistorique Dans Les Pays De L'europe Du Sud: Dimension Européenne Et Dynamiques Nationales ». Bulletin du Musée d'anthropologie préhistorique de Monaco (53): 63–68. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=28222542.


  • Crégut-Bonnoure, Evelyne, Argant, Jacqueline, Bailon, Salvador, Boulbes, Nicolas, Bouville, Claude, Buisson-Catil, Jacques, Debard, Evelyne, Desclaux, Emmanuel, Fietzke, Jan, Fourvel, Jean-Baptiste, Frèrebeau, Nicolas, Kuntz, Delphine, Krzepkowska, Jadwiga, Laudet, Frédéric, Lachenal, Thibault, Lateur, Nicolas, Manzano, Alaric, Marciszak, Adrian, Margarit, Xavier, Mourer-Chauviré, Cécile, Oppliger, Julien, Roger, Thierry, Teacher, Amber G. F., et Thinon, Michel.0 « The Karst Of The Vaucluse, An Exceptional Record For The Last Glacial Maximum (Lgm) And The Late-Glacial Period Palaeoenvironment Of Southeastern France ». Quaternary International. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S104061821300846X.
    Résumé : Investigations in four natural traps from southeastern France have provided new and extensive information on the palaeoenvironment from the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; 21,000 to 15,075 cal BP), the Late-glacial period (15,075 to 11,490 cal BP) and the beginning of Holocene (11,490 to 2835 cal BP). Radiocarbon and U/Th dates provided precise chronological data. In the Coulet des Roches, an LGM and a near complete Late-glacial period sequence were identified. The infilling preserved skeletons of large mammals, revealing a new faunal assemblage for southeastern France. For the first time, two distinct southern expansions of Dicrostonyx torquatus have been identified, correlated firstly to the LGM and secondly to the Late-glacial period. Dicrostonyx torquatus was found to be associated with Microtus oeconemus during the Oldest Dryas (15,075 to 18,270 cal BP). Morphological adaptations to the cold climate were indicated by some mammals (Vulpes vulpes, Mustela nivalis, Mustela erminea, Equus caballus gallicus). Among the birds, Bubo scandiacus and Pyrrhocorax graculus were found to be abundant. Palynological data suggested a very open landscape as well as a cold and rather dry climate. Rangifer tarandus remains were recovered from the Oldest Dryas layers of Aven des Planes. During the Allerød, a wooded environment permitted the dispersal of Cervus elaphus, Sus scrofa, Tetrao urogallus as well as reptiles and amphibians. Holocene sequences existed in these two natural traps as in Aven Souche n° 1 and n° 2. At this time, a sparsely wooded landscape covered much of the area. Cervus elaphus and Tetrao urogallus were still present with Canis lupus, Lynx lynx and Felis silvestris. Areas of open landscape were occupied by Otis tarda. During the Bronze Age (2200 to 800 cal BC) and Iron Age (800 to 50 cal BC), Aven des Planes, Aven Souche n° 1 and n° 2 were used by humans and had a sepulchral destination.


  • Détroit, Florent, Corny, Julien, Dizon, Eusebio Z., et Mijares, Armand S.0 « “Small Size” In The Philippine Human Fossil Record: Is It Meaningful For A Better Understanding Of The Evolutionary History Of The Negritos? ». Human Biology 85(1-3): 45-66. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3378/027.085.0303.
    Résumé : Abstract “Pygmy populations” are recognized in several places over the world, especially in Western Africa and in Southeast Asia (Philippine “negritos,” for instance). Broadly defined as “small-bodied Homo sapiens” (compared with neighboring populations), their origins and the nature of the processes involved in the maintenance of their phenotype over time are highly debated. Major results have been recently obtained from population genetics on present-day negrito populations, but their evolutionary history remains largely unresolved. We present and discuss the Upper Pleistocene human remains recovered from Tabon Cave and Callao Cave in the Philippines, which are potentially highly relevant to these research questions. Human fossils have been recovered in large numbers from Tabon Cave (Palawan Island) but mainly from reworked and mixed sediments from several archaeological layers. We review and synthesize the long and meticulous collaborative work done on the archives left from the 1960s excavations and on the field. The results demonstrate the long history of human occupations in the cave, since at least ∼30,000 BP. The examination of the Tabon human remains shows a large variability: large and robust for one part of the sample, and small and gracile for the other part. The latter would fit quite comfortably within the range of variation of Philippine negritos. Farther north, on Luzon Island, the human third metatarsal recently recovered from Callao Cave and dated to ∼66,000 BP is now the oldest direct evidence of human presence in the Philippines. Previous data show that, compared with H. sapiens (including Philippine negritos), this bone presents a very small size and several unusual morphological characteristics. We present a new analytical approach using three-dimensional geometric morphometrics for comparing the Callao fossil to a wide array of extant Asian mammals, including nonhuman primates and H. sapiens. The results demonstrate that the shape of the Callao metatarsal is definitely closer to humans than to any other groups. The fossil clearly belongs to the genus Homo; however, it remains at the margin of the variation range of H. sapiens. Because of its great antiquity and the presence of another diminutive species of the genus Homo in the Wallace area during this time period (H. floresiensis), we discuss here in detail the affinities and potential relatedness of the Callao fossil with negritos that are found today on Luzon Island.

  • de Lumley, Marie-Antoinette, et Giacobini, Giacomo.0 « Les Néandertaliens De La Caverna Delle Fate (Finale Ligure, Italie). Ii–Les Dents ». L'Anthropologie 117(3): 305–344. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003552113000435.

  • de Lumley, Marie-Antoinette, et Giacobini, Giacomo.0 « Les Néandertaliens De La Caverna Delle Fate (Finale Ligure, Italie). I-Chronostratigraphie, Restes Squelettiques ». L'Anthropologie 117(3): 273–304. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003552113000447.


  • Ecker, Michaela, Bocherens, Hervé, Julien, Marie-Anne, Rivals, Florent, Raynal, Jean-Paul, et Moncel, Marie-Hélène.0 « Middle Pleistocene Ecology And Neanderthal Subsistence: Insights From Stable Isotope Analyses In Payre (Ardèche, Southeastern France) ». Journal of Human Evolution 65(4): 363-373. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248413001590.
    Résumé : The Middle Palaeolithic site of Payre in southeastern France yields abundant archaeological material associated with fossil hominid remains. With its long sequence of Middle Pleistocene deposits, Payre is a key site to study the Middle Palaeolithic chronology of this region. This study is the first to investigate carbon and oxygen isotope contents of Neanderthal tooth enamel bioapatite, together with a wide range of herbivorous and carnivorous species. The aim is to contribute to the understanding of hunting behaviour, resource partitioning, diet and habitat use of animals and Neanderthals through a palaeoecological reconstruction. Local topography had a visible influence on carbon and oxygen stable isotope values recorded in herbivore tooth enamel. This was used to investigate possible habitats of herbivores. The different herbivorous species do not show large variations of their carbon and oxygen isotope values through time, indicating niche conservatism from OIS 8–7 to OIS 6–5, i.e., independently of palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental variations. Based on these new observations, we conclude that Neanderthals employed a stable subsistence strategy over time, using a variety of local resources, with resource partitioning visible between humans and carnivores, especially wolves. A comparison of the results of stable isotopic investigation with the results of tooth wear analyses previously conducted on the same teeth allowed us to demonstrate that grazing and browsing do not bind animals to a specific habitat in a C3 environment as reflected in the isotopic values.
    Mots-clés : Carbon isotopes, Diet, Middle Palaeolithic, Oxygen isotopes, Rhône valley, Southeastern France.


  • Falguères, Christophe, Bahain, Jean-Jacques, Bischoff, James L., Pérez-González, Alfredo, Ortega, Ana Isabel, Ollé, Andreu, Quiles, Anita, Ghaleb, Bassam, Moreno, Davinia, Dolo, Jean-Michel, Shao, Qingfeng, Vallverdú, Josep, Carbonell, Eudald, Bermúdez de Castro, Jose María, et Arsuaga, Juan Luis.0 « Combined Esr/u-Series Chronology Of Acheulian Hominid-Bearing Layers At Trinchera Galería Site, Atapuerca, Spain ». Journal of Human Evolution 65(2): 168-184. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248413001371.
    Résumé : The Sierra de Atapuerca, northern Spain, is known from many prehistoric and palaeontological sites documenting human prehistory in Europe. Three major sites, Gran Dolina, Galería and Sima del Elefante, range in age from the oldest hominin of Western Europe dated to 1.1 to 1.3 Ma (millions of years ago) at Sima del Elefante to c.a. 0.2 Ma on the top of the Galería archaeological sequence. Recently, a chronology based on luminescence methods (Thermoluminescence [TL] and Infrared Stimulated Luminescence [IRSL]) applied to cave sediments was published for the Gran Dolina and Galería sites. The authors proposed for Galería an age of 450 ka (thousands of years ago) for the units lower GIII and GII, suggesting that the human occupation there is younger than the hominid remains of Sima de los Huesos (>530 ka) around 1 km away. In this paper, we present new results obtained by combined Electron Spin Resonance/Uranium-series (ESR/U-series) dating on 20 herbivorous teeth from different levels at the Galería site. They are in agreement with the TL results for the upper part of the stratigraphic sequence (GIV and GIIIb), in the range of between 200 and 250 ka. But for the GIIIa to GIIb levels, the TL ages become abruptly older by 200 ka while ESR ages remain relatively constant. Finally, the TL and ESR data agree in the lowest part of the section (GIIa); both fall in the range of around 350–450 ka. Our results suggest a different interpretation for the GII, GIII and GIV units of Galería and the upper part of Gran Dolina (TD10 and TD11) than obtained by TL. The ESR/U-series results are supported by a Bayesian analysis, which allows a better integration between stratigraphic information and radiometric data.
    Mots-clés : Bayesian analysis, Eurasia, Gran Dolina, Homo antecessor, Luminescence, Middle Pleistocene.

  • Fernandes, Paul, Raynal, Jean-Paul, Tallet, Pascal, Tuffery, Christophe, Piboule, Michel, Séronie-Vivien, Micheline, Séronie-Vivien, Marie-Roger, Turq, Alain, Morala, André, Affolter, Jehanne, Millet, Dominique, Millet, Françoise, Bazile, Fréderic, Schmidt, Patrick, Foucher, Pascal, Delvigne, Vincent, Liagre, Jérémie, Gaillot, Stéphane, Morin, Alexandre, Moncel, Marie-Hélène, Garnier, Jean-François, et Léandri-Bressy, Céline.0 « Une Carte Et Une Base De Données Pour Les Formations À Silex Du Sud De La France : Un Outil Pour La Pétroarchéologie ». PALEO. Revue d'archéologie préhistorique (24): 219-228. http://paleo.revues.org/2633.
    Résumé : Une carte des principales formations à silex du sud de la France est en cours de réalisation. Elle propose, à tous les préhistoriens, une base nécessaire au développement d’études interrégionales sur la circulation des silex. Elle est le fruit d’une collaboration entre des acteurs impliqués dans la problématique de caractérisation de la provenance des silex. Elle regroupe les résultats de leurs prospections systématiques ou ciblées dans six régions (Aquitaine, Auvergne, Languedoc-Roussillon, Midi-Pyrénées, Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur, Rhône-Alpes). Elle intègre, en plus, le dépouillement d’un grand nombre de documents : i) les principaux articles et thèses traitant des formations à silex du sud de la France ; ii) plus de 200 fiches issues de la base de données du sous-sol BSS du BRGM, qui permettent de visualiser des logs ou des documents scannés ; iii) 529 cartes géologiques à 1/50 000 et leurs notices. La carte est organisée en trois couches de données superposables : une carte des affleurements ou gîtes primaires, une carte des altérites et des formations superficielles remaniées et une carte des formations alluviales. La carte existera dans deux versions numériques aisément actualisables : une version dans un format PDF et une version sous la forme d’un SIG. C’est l’ensemble de la formation contenant le ou les même(s) type(s) de silex qui est prise en compte, le terme de formation désignant un terrain possédant des caractères communs et qui constitue un ensemble cartographiable. Chacune des formations recensées fait l’objet d’une notice simplifiée qui décrit l’encaissant et - le ou les - type(s) de silex présent(s). Ces notices descriptives et explicatives contiennent des photos à toutes les échelles (de la formation à l’échelle microscopique). Des références bibliographiques géologiques et archéologiques complèteront chaque notice. La version définitive de ces notices constituera un atlas. Les archéologues et géologues disposeront ainsi de fiches descriptives pour chaque type de silex et son encaissant. Elles serviront aux diagnoses analytiques (structures, textures et compositions minéralogiques).
    Mots-clés : base de données, carte, pétroarchéologie, Silex.


  • Fontana, F., Moncel, M. -H., Nenzioni, G., Onorevoli, G., Peretto, C., et Combier, J.0 « Widespread Diffusion Of Technical Innovations Around 300,000 Years Ago In Europe As A Reflection Of Anthropological And Social Transformations? New Comparative Data From The Western Mediterranean Sites Of Orgnac (France) And Cave Dall’Olio (Italy) ». Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 32(4): 478-498. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278416513000469.
    Résumé : During MIS (Marine Isotope Stage) 9 and the transition to MIS 8 – around 350–300,000 years ago – some lithic assemblages in Europe reflect marked transformations in technical behavior. These transformations involved the standardization of products and the development of diversified and elaborated débitage methods which are considered to be markers of the transition from the Lower to the Middle Palaeolithic i.e. from Mode 2 to Mode 3. Taking the analysis of the sites of Orgnac 3 (Ardèche, France) and Cave dall’Olio (Emilia Romagna, Italy) as a starting point, this paper discusses the variability of these assemblages in Southern Europe as well as the social and anthropological implications of the emergence of new technical behavior. It also aims to show that common features existed both in Northern and Southern Europe. The development of more complex technical systems on a progressively wider territory and at an increasingly earlier age argues in favor of the hypothesis of a close connection with the process of “Neanderthalisation”, possibly accompanied by the transmission of ideas through extensive social networks.
    Mots-clés : Early Middle Palaeolithic, Laminar débitage, Levallois débitage, Marine Isotopic Stage 9, Social interactions, Southern Europe, Technical behavior.

  • Forestier, Hubert, Zeitoun, Valéry, Winayalai, Chinnawut, et Métais, Christophe.0 « The Open-Air Site Of Huai Hin (Northwestern Thailand): Chronological Perspectives For The Hoabinhian ». Comptes Rendus Palevol 12(1): 45–55. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1631068312001571.

  • Frouin, Marine, Ploquin, Florian, Soressi, Marie, Rendu, William, Macchiarelli, Roberto, El Albani, Abderrazak, et Meunier, Alain.0 « Clay Minerals Of Late Pleistocene Sites (Jonzac And Les Cottés, Sw France): Applications Of X-Ray Diffraction Analyses To Local Paleoclimatic And Paleoenvironmental Reconstructions ». Quaternary International 302: 184–198. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618212033782.

  • Gómez-Olivencia, Asier, Garralda, María Dolores, Vandermeersch, Bernard, Madelaine, Stéphane, Arsuaga, Juan-Luis, et Maureille, Bruno.0 « Two Newly Identified Mousterian Human Rib Fragments From Combe-Grenal (Domme, France) ». PALEO. Revue d'archéologie préhistorique (24): 229-234. http://paleo.revues.org/2653.
    Résumé : Cet article présente la découverte et l’étude de deux nouveaux restes humains provenant du site moustérien de Combe-Grenal situé sur la commune de Domme en Dordogne. Il s’agit de deux fragments de côtes mis au jour dans la couche 25 des fouilles Bordes qui livre du Moustérien de type Quina. L’un d’eux est certainement un fragment de la première côte droite d’un adulte. Le second est un fragment d’une côte de rang élevé (8e ou 9e) d’un adolescent. Même si, en raison de leur état de conservation, aucune de ces pièces ne montre de trait dérivé néandertalien, elles représentent les premiers éléments appartenant au tronc humain découverts dans le site et augmentent ainsi la diversité des éléments osseux connus. Notons enfin que le NMI ne change pas. La première côte adulte montre des traces de manipulations post-mortem anthropiques. Néandertalien, Combe-Grenal, Moustérien, côte
    Mots-clés : Combe-Grenal, Mousterian, Neandertal, rib.

  • Goepfert, Nicolas, Bailon, Salvador, Lefèvre, Christine, et Gutiérrez, Belkys.0 « Depósitos Funerarios De Anfisbenios O “Serpientes De Dos Cabezas” En La Plataforma Uhle, Huacas De Moche, Perú ». Anthropozoologica 48(2): 487–505. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.5252/az2013n2a19.


  • Hardy, Bruce L., Moncel, Marie-Hélène, Daujeard, Camille, Fernandes, Paul, Béarez, Philippe, Desclaux, Emmanuel, Chacon Navarro, Maria Gema, Puaud, Simon, et Gallotti, Rosalia.0 « Impossible Neanderthals? Making String, Throwing Projectiles And Catching Small Game During Marine Isotope Stage 4 (Abri Du Maras, France) ». Quaternary Science Reviews 82: 23-40. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113003788.
    Résumé : Neanderthal behavior is often described in one of two contradictory ways: 1) Neanderthals were behaviorally inflexible and specialized in large game hunting or 2) Neanderthals exhibited a wide range of behaviors and exploited a wide range of resources including plants and small, fast game. Using stone tool residue analysis with supporting information from zooarchaeology, we provide evidence that at the Abri du Maras, Ardèche, France, Neanderthals were behaviorally flexible at the beginning of MIS 4. Here, Neanderthals exploited a wide range of resources including large mammals, fish, ducks, raptors, rabbits, mushrooms, plants, and wood. Twisted fibers on stone tools provide evidence of making string or cordage. Using a variety of lines of evidence, we show the presence of stone projectile tips, possibly used in complex projectile technology. This evidence shows a level of behavioral variability that is often denied to Neanderthals. Furthermore, it sheds light on perishable materials and resources that are not often recovered which should be considered more fully in reconstructions of Neanderthal behavior.
    Mots-clés : Residue analysis, Stone tools, String, Subsistence, Zooarchaeology.

  • Henry-Gambier, Dominique, Nespoulet, Roland, et Chiotti, Laurent.0 « Attribution Culturelle Au Gravettien Ancien Des Fossiles Humains De L’Abri Cro-Magnon (Les Eyzies-De-Tayac, Dordogne, France) ». PALEO. Revue d'archéologie préhistorique (24): 121-138. http://paleo.revues.org/2563.
    Résumé : En 2002, la datation 14C par SMA d’un coquillage percé (Littorina littorea) associé aux squelettes découverts en 1868 dans l’abri Cro-Magnon conduisait à rajeunir ces fossiles, attribués depuis leur découverte à l’Aurignacien ancien. Cette date indiquait que le sommet de la séquence archéologique de l’abri Cro-Magnon comportait des niveaux Aurignacien récent et/ou Gravettien. Cette date, Beta 157439 : 27680 ± 270 BP (31 324-32 666 cal BP), est comprise dans un intervalle coïncidant soit avec une phase récente de l’Aurignacien soit avec le Gravettien ancien (Henry-Gambier 2002). Un réexamen de la séquence gravettienne de l’abri Pataud, situé à moins de 300 m en aval de l’abri Cro-Magnon sur la même rive de la Vézère, de ses nouvelles datations 14C ainsi que de ses parures gravettiennes permet aujourd’hui d’asseoir solidement l’appartenance des fossiles de Cro-Magnon au Gravettien ancien.
    Mots-clés : Cro-Magnon, Dordogne, Gravettien, Homo Sapiens Sapiens, parure, Pataud, Sépulture.

  • Ladurée, Jean-René, Pigeaud, Romain, Betton, Jean-Pierre, et Berrouet, Florian.0 « Du Paléolithique Au Paléographique: Étude Des Graffiti Modernes Dans La Grotte Margot (Thorigné-En-Charnie, Mayenne) ». Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française 110(4): 605–621. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=27978464.


  • Liu, Chun-Ru, Yin, Gong-Ming, Fang, Fang, Voinchet, Pierre, Deng, Cheng-Long, Han, Fei, Li, Jian-Ping, Song, Wei-Juan, Wang, Duo, et Bahain, Jean-Jacques.0 « Esr Dating Of The Donggutuo Palaeolithic Site In The Nihewan Basin, Northern China ». Geochronometria 40(4): 348-354. http://link.springer.com/article/10.2478/s13386-013-0127-4.
    Résumé : The fluvio-lacustrine sequences in the Nihewan Basin, northern China, provide important terrestrial archives about Palaeolithic settlements and, therefore, about early human occupation in high northern latitude in East Asia. Here we present detailed ESR dating of the Donggutuo Palaeolithic site, located in this basin. Four levels A, B, C and E of the Donggutuo archaeological layer yield ESR ages ranging from 1060±129 ka to 1171±132 ka with a mean of 1119±132 ka. The ages are consistent with the paleomagnetic data, which show that the Donggutuo Palaeolithic site lies just below the onset of the Jaramillo normal subchron (0.99–1.07 Ma). Furthermore, our results indicate that the reliable ESR dating range of bleached quartz using Ti-Li centre can be effectively extended to 1100 ka and the Ti-Li centre was zeroed before the last deposition, which requires improvement of the understanding of the bleaching mechanism conditions.
    Mots-clés : Early Pleistocene, Earth Sciences, general, Environmental Monitoring/Analysis, ESR dating, fluvial sediment, Palaeolithic site, Quantitative Geology, signal bleaching.


  • Liu, Chun-Ru, Yin, Gong-Ming, Zhang, Hui-Ping, Zheng, Wen-Jun, Voinchet, Pierre, Han, Fei, Wang, Duo, Song, Wei-Juan, et Bahain, Jean-Jacques.0 « Esr Geochronology Of The Minjiang River Terraces At Wenchuan, Eastern Margin Of Tibetan Plateau, China ». Geochronometria 40(4): 360-367. http://link.springer.com/article/10.2478/s13386-013-0129-2.
    Résumé : The Minjiang River terrace along the Longmen Shan fault zone near Wenchuan, at the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau, China, provides archives for tectonic activity and quaternary climate change. However, previous studies were not able to provide ages older than 100 ka due to the limitations of dating material or/and methods applied to date the fluvial sediments. In this study, we used the ESR signal of the Ti-Li center in quartz to obtain the ages of four higher terraces (T3–T6). According to the results, the terraces T3 to T6 were formed at 64±19 ka, 101±15 ka, 153±33 ka, and 423±115 ka, respectively. Combined with previous studies, these results indicate that the formations of all terraces correspond to glacial/interglacial transition periods, such as, T1-T5 being correlated to MIS2/1, MIS4/3, MIS5d/5c, and MIS6/5e respectively, while T6 probably to MIS12/11. According to these data, it is found that the average incision rate was significantly higher over the last 150 ka than that previous 100 ka (250 to 150 ka). As both tectonics and climate have affected the formation of these terraces, in addition to the overall uplifting of Tibetan Plateau, the regional uplift due to isostasy would be an additional tectonic factor in the formation of river terraces in the eastern margin of Tibetan plateau.
    Mots-clés : Earth Sciences, general, Environmental Monitoring/Analysis, ESR dating, Minjiang River, Quantitative Geology, Quartz, river terrace, Tibetan plateau.

  • Magniez, Pierre, Moigne, Anne-Marie, Testu, Agnès, et De Lumley, Henry.0 « Biochronologie Des Mammifères Quaternaires. Apport Des Cervidae Du Site Pléistocène Moyen De La Caune De L'arago (Tautavel, Pyrénées-Orientales, France) ». Quaternaire 24(4): 477–502. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=28033031.


  • Manaa, Abdessalam, Souttou, Karim, Sekour, Makhlouf, Bendjoudi, Djamel, Guezoul, Omar, Baziz-Neffah, Fadila, Doumandji, Salaheddine, Stoetzel, Emmanuelle, et Denys, Christiane.0 « Diet Of Black-Shouldered Kite Elanus Caeruleus In A Farmland Area Near Algiers, Algeria ». Ostrich 84(2): 113-117. http://dx.doi.org/10.2989/00306525.2013.781551.
    Résumé : The diet of the Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus was analysed in a recently colonised area in Meftah, south-eastern Algiers, Algeria. The diet was determined by analysing 144 pellets. Our data showed that the diet was dominated by rodents with Algerian mouse Mus spretus comprising between 61% and 77% of the diet. Based on relative biomass, rodents were the main prey species, comprising 88.1% of the diet in 2006, 68.4% in 2007 and 52.0% in 2008. Birds were the second-most important prey, comprising as much as 43.4% of the diet in 2008. The Algerian mouse was the major prey species both in spring (60.0% in 2007) and in summer (80.0% in 2006).


  • Mercier, Norbert, Valladas, Hélène, Falguères, Christophe, Shao, Qingfeng, Gopher, Avi, Barkai, Ran, Bahain, Jean-Jacques, Vialettes, Laurence, Joron, Jean-Louis, et Reyss, Jean-Louis.0 « New Datings Of Amudian Layers At Qesem Cave (Israel): Results Of Tl Applied To Burnt Flints And Esr/u-Series To Teeth ». Journal of Archaeological Science 40(7): 3011-3020. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305440313000903.
    Résumé : Because only a few radiometric data are actually available, the chronology of the Amudian – a blade-dominated industry of the Acheulo-Yabrudian Cultural Complex (AYCC) of the late Lower Paleolithic in the Levant – is still not well constrained. Qesem Cave offers the opportunity to enhance our knowledge of the chronological position of this industry which is unique to the Levant. The Qesem Amudian bearing layers yielded also human remains showing affinities with those of modern populations recovered in the Middle Paleolithic sites of Skhul and Qafzeh. The results presented here are the first attempt to apply the TL and ESR/U-series dating methods at this site and these methods yielded results which are generally in agreement. They support a time interval of hominid-bearing occupation of the areas of the cave where Amudian lithic artifacts were recovered during MIS 8 and likely 9 for the Deep Pit Area, and during MIS 8 and possibly 7 for the Upper part of the sequence (Square K/10 and the Eastern Microfauna-Bearing Area). An older occupation of the cave is also conceivable on the base of two dating results (MIS 11).
    Mots-clés : Acheuleo-Yabrudian, Amudian, Burnt flint, dating, Levant, Qesem Cave, teeth.


  • Messager, Erwan, Belmecheri, Soumaya, Von Grafenstein, Ulrich, Nomade, Sébastien, Ollivier, Vincent, Voinchet, Pierre, Puaud, Simon, Courtin-Nomade, Alexandra, Guillou, Hervé, Mgeladze, Ana, Dumoulin, Jean-Pascal, Mazuy, Arnaud, et Lordkipanidze, David.0 « Late Quaternary Record Of The Vegetation And Catchment-Related Changes From Lake Paravani (Javakheti, South Caucasus) ». Quaternary Science Reviews 77: 125-140. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113002709.
    Résumé : Here we present a palynological and sedimentological record from a 96-cm sediment core covering the last 13 ka aiming to document palaeoecological changes in the central South Caucasus driven by climate and/or human impact. The core was retrieved from Lake Paravani (2073 m asl, 41°27′N, 43°48′E), located in the steppic grasslands of South Caucasus in the Samsari-Javakheti volcanic plateau. The geomorphological features observed on the plateau, including moraine deposits, suggest the presence of local glaciers reaching the lake level during the Last Glacial periods. Based on sediment and pollen data, three palaeoecological phases have been identified. The first phase spanning the Younger Dryas and the Early Holocene, corresponds to a steppic environment with a limited lake productivity driven by a cold and particularly dry climate. According to the Age–depth model, this phase ends near 8500 cal BP with the decline of Chenopodiaceae. The second phase starts with an important expansion of trees at 8300 cal years BP. The delayed afforestation recorded in Lake Paravani is a pattern that has now been recognised widely through the Black Sea region's more continental areas. As soon as the climatic and edaphic conditions were favourable, the main deciduous and coniferous trees expanded concurrently due to the proximity of glacial forest refugia located in western Caucasus. This second phase marked by a climatic optimum is also characterized by an increase in lake productivity. The third phase starts at 2000–3000 cal BP and corresponds to the decline of forests on the plateau and the expansion of herbaceous formations, leading to the present-day steppic environment. This deforestation phase is driven by the deterioration of the climate conditions and human impact.
    Mots-clés : Glacial tree refugia, Holocene, Lateglacial, Local glacier, South Caucasus.


  • Messili, Lamia, Saliège, Jean-François, Broutin, Jean, Messager, Erwan, Hatté, Christine, et Zazzo, Antoine.0 « Direct 14C Dating Of Early And Mid-Holocene Saharan Pottery ». Radiocarbon 55(3–4). https://journals.uair.arizona.edu/index.php/radiocarbon/article/view/16364.


  • Michel, Véronique, Shen, Guanjun, Shen, Chuan-Chou, Wu, Chung-Che, Vérati, Chrystèle, Gallet, Sylvain, Moncel, Marie-Hélène, Combier, Jean, Khatib, Samir, et Manetti, Michel.0 « Application Of U/th And 40Ar/39Ar Dating To Orgnac 3, A Late Acheulean And Early Middle Palaeolithic Site In Ardèche, France ». PLoS ONE 8(12): e82394. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082394.
    Résumé : Refined radio-isotopic dating techniques have been applied to Orgnac 3, a Late Acheulean and Early Middle Palaeolithic site in France. Evidence of Levallois core technology appeared in level 4b in the middle of the sequence, became predominant in the upper horizons, and was best represented in uppermost level 1, making the site one of the oldest examples of Levallois technology. In our dating study, fourteen speleothem samples from levels 7, 6 and 5b, were U/Th-dated. Four pure calcite samples from the speleothem PL1 (levels 5b, 6) yield ages between 265 ± 4 (PL1-3) and 312 ± 15 (PL1-6) thousand years ago (ka). Three samples from the top of a second stalagmite, PL2, yield dates ranging from 288 ± 10 ka (PL2-1) to 298 ± 17 ka (PL2-3). Three samples from the base of PL2 (level 7) yield much younger U/Th dates between 267 and 283 ka. These dates show that the speleothems PL1 and PL2 are contemporaneous and formed during marine isotope stage (MIS) 9 and MIS 8. Volcanic minerals in level 2, the upper sequence, were dated by the 40Ar/39Ar method, giving a weighted mean of 302.9 ± 2.5 ka (2σ) and an inverse isochron age of 302.9 ± 5.9 ka (2σ). Both 40Ar/39Ar dating of volcanic sanidines and U/Th dating of relatively pure and dense cave calcites are known to be well established. The first parallel application of the two geochronometers to Orgnac 3 yields generally consistent results, which point to the reliability of the two methods. The difference between their age results is discussed.


  • Moncel, M. -H., Pleurdeau, D., Tushubramishvili, N., Yeshurun, R., Agapishvili, T., Pinhasi, R., et Higham, T. F. G.0 « Preliminary Results From The New Excavations Of The Middle And Upper Palaeolithic Levels At Ortvale Klde-North Chamber (South Caucasus Georgia) ». Quaternary International 316: 3-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618212031850.
    Résumé : Ortvale Klde is a key cave site which provides detailed archaeological and chronological information about Middle and Upper Palaeolithic occupation in the southern Caucasus, and the timing of the Middle–Upper Palaeolithic transition in this region. Excavations have mostly focused on the southern chamber, and an extensive dating programme suggests the demise of the Neanderthals, followed by a hiatus and the rapid occupation of the area by modern Humans at around 38–34 ka BP. New excavations in the northern chamber by a French–Georgian team took place in 2006, in order to better understand the stratigraphy of this part of the cave, which contributes to the understanding of the Middle Palaeolithic in the southern Caucasus and its significance in a broader pan-regional context. This paper reports the results of the 2006 fieldwork carried out in the northern chamber: three Middle Palaeolithic units and one Upper Palaeolithic unit have been observed in several test pits inside the cave and on the slope in front of the cave. Middle Palaeolithic lithic assemblages are composed of elongated points and various core technologies have been described, close to what is observed at Drjujula and Bronze caves. Apparent correlations between the stratigraphic sequences of the two chambers and associated lithic and bone assemblages are discussed. Several hypotheses on the type of human occupations in relation to the morphology of the two chambers of the cave are presented. The very different nature of the sequences in the northern and southern chambers possibly imply differences in both intensity and timing of human occupation of each chamber, as well as some differences in site formation processes. The main test pit at the base of the sequence yielded lithics that have some different traits when compared to those observed at the base of the sequence in the southern chamber. This could signify an older age for these base levels, but also very different occupation modes in the two chambers, as also indicated by the differential faunal preservation. However, in contrast to the lithic assemblages, the faunal assemblages of the base of the sequence in each of the two chambers do not show differences in subsistence strategies and hence suggest consistent subsistence behaviour.


  • Moncel, Marie-Hélène, Despriée, Jackie, Voinchet, Pierre, Tissoux, Hélène, Moreno, Davinia, Bahain, Jean-Jacques, Courcimault, Gilles, et Falguères, Christophe.0 « Early Evidence Of Acheulean Settlement In Northwestern Europe - La Noira Site, A 700 000 Year-Old Occupation In The Center Of France ». PLoS ONE 8(11): e75529. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075529.
    Résumé : The human settlement of Europe during Pleistocene times was sporadic and several stages have been recognized, both from paleaoanthropological and archaeological records. If the first phase of hominin occupation (as early as 1.4 Ma) seems mainly restricted to the southern part of the continent, the second phase, characterized by specific lithic tools (handaxes), is linked to Acheulean settlements and to the emergence of Homo heidelbergensis, the ancestor of Neanderthals. This phase reached northwestern Europe and is documented in numerous sites in Germany, Great Britain and northern France, generally after 600 ka.At la Noira (Brinay, Central France), the Middle Pleistocene alluvial formation of the Cher River covers an archaeological level associated with a slope deposit (diamicton). The lithic assemblage from this level includes Large Cutting Tools (LCTs), flakes and cores, associated with numerous millstone slabs. The lithic series is classified as Acheulean on the basis of both technological and typological analyses. Cryoturbation features indicate that the slope deposits and associated archaeological level were strongly frozen and disturbed after hominin occupation and before fluvial deposition. Eight sediment samples were dated by the electron spin resonance (ESR) method and the weighted average age obtained for the fluvial sands overlying the slope deposits is 665±55 ka. This age is older than previous chronological data placing the first European Acheulean assemblages north of 45th parallel north at around 500 ka and modifies our current vision of the initial peopling of northern Europe. Acheulean settlements are older than previously assumed and the oldest evidences are not only located in southern Europe. La Noira is the oldest evidence of Acheulean presence in north-western Europe and attests to the possibility of pioneering phases of Acheulean settlement which would have taken place on a Mode 1-type substratum as early as 700 ka. The lithic assemblage from la Noira thus provides behavioral and technological data on early Acheulean occupation in Europe and contributes to our understanding of the diffusion of this tradition.


  • Monchot, Hervé, Houmard, Claire, Dionne, Marie-Michelle, Desrosiers, Pierre M., et Gendron, Daniel.0 « The Modus Operandi Of Walrus Exploitation During The Palaeoeskimo Period At The Tayara Site, Arctic Canada ». Anthropozoologica 48(1): 15-36. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.5252/az2013n1a1.
    Résumé : ABSTRACT Thanks to its high nutritional potential and huge ivory canines, walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) appears to have been a key resource in the subsistence economy of Dorset groups. However present archaeological data are sparse and a more global analysis of its exploitation by the Palaeoeskimos is required. The Tayara site (KbFk-7) in Nunavik (Quebec, Canada) yielded a significant assemblage of walrus bones and many manufactured ivory objects. In addition, Tayara serves as a reference site in Eastern Arctic cultural chronology. A thorough zooarchaeological study has been conducted which includes skeletal profile, the sexing and ageing of walrus bones, and a technological study of the manufactured objects, including a use-wear analysis on lithic tools. This allows the discussion of several aspects of the modus operandi for the exploitation of walrus, from the death of the animal to the processing of the raw material into artefacts. Even if the walrus seems to have been treated with the same processes as other species, some specificities have been noted, particularly in the selection of the different skeletal elements for tool productions and the emblematic value that this animal may have played in consumption and production activities. , RÉSUMÉ Le modus operandi de l'exploitation du morse sur le site Paléoesquimau de Tayara (Rive sud du détroit d'Hudson, Canada). Le morse (Odobenus rosmarus) est très apprécié des peuples arctiques, en particulier pour son grand potentiel nutritionnel et pour ses canines proéminentes. Au Dorsétien, l'exploitation de cet animal a été particulièrement valorisée, notamment à Tayara (KbFk-7), l'un des plus prestigieux sites paléoesquimaux. Localisé au nord du Nunavik (Québec, Canada), le niveau II de Tayara a livré une preuve évidente de chasse au morse ainsi qu'un très grand nombre de restes fauniques et d'objets fabriqués sur dents ou os de morse. Une exploitation diversifiée et généralisée des carcasses a été mise en évidence. Les études consacrées au morse étant encore limitées, nous avons entrepris une approche originale, globale et multidisciplinaire, permettant de reconstituer le modus operandi de la chaîne d'exploitation d'une carcasse. Les résultats de l'archéozoologie, de la technologie osseuse et de la tracéologie lithique ont ainsi été combinés. L'archéozoologie a permis de retrouver le profil squelettique, le sexe et l'âge des individus apportés entiers sur le site (i.e., six individus des deux sexes, souvent adultes). L'examen technologique a montré que les défenses et os de morse étaient travaillés selon les mêmes procédés techniques que pour les autres espèces. Cependant, les intentions de production étaient plus ciblées, privilégiant la fabrication des armes de chasse et des objets àvaleur de signe. L'étude tracéologique a confirmé que toutes les activités touchant à l'exploitation du morse ont bien été menées sur le site de Tayara.


  • Orain, R., Lebreton, V., Ermolli, E. Russo, Combourieu-Nebout, N., et Sémah, A. -M.0 « Carya As Marker For Tree Refuges In Southern Italy (Boiano Basin) At The Middle Pleistocene ». Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 369: 295-302. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018212006207.
    Résumé : The Carya genus, a tree of the Juglandaceae family, has a restricted geographical distribution today, mainly confined to North America and Southeast Asia and with a precise range of ecological requirements. During the Neogene, Carya had a wide distribution across the northern hemisphere; however, its habitat was reduced progressively in response to Pliocene and Quaternary climate changes. In the Early and Middle Pleistocene paleobotanical records, Carya is considered a relic which testifies to the final climatic deterioration of the Pliocene and to the global effect of the Quaternary climate cycles. The lacustrine and fluvio-palustrine sequence of Boiano (Molise, Italy) records the paleoenvironmental and climate changes since the Middle Pleistocene. The chronological framework is based on several tephra layers, related to known eruptions or directly dated, and indicates that the basal deposits are older than 440 ka. Palynological study of the sedimentary filling highlights vegetation changes from Oxygen Isotopic Stage (OIS) 13 to 2. The Boiano biotope, characterized by a continuous edaphic and climatic humidity, favored the persistence of hygrophilous tree taxa. Thus, Carya is present until the OIS 9, which represents its latest occurrence in Western Europe. The Boiano basin could have been an ecological refuge for the Middle Pleistocene arboreal flora. In fact, the physiography of the basin certainly softened the impacts of climatic deterioration during glacial episodes. Therefore, the late Carya occurrence within the Boiano palynological record in a time period when it is commonly supposed to be extinct from Europe, leads to a consideration of its ecological requirements as a tool for Quaternary paleoenvironmental reconstructions and for identification of refuge areas.
    Mots-clés : Ecological refuge, Hickory, Mediterranean, paleoecology, Paleoenvironment, Palynology, Quaternary vegetation, Tertiary relic.


  • Orain, R., Lebreton, V., Russo Ermolli, E., Sémah, A.-M., Nomade, S., Shao, Q., Bahain, J.-J., Thun Hohenstein, U., et Peretto, C.0 « Hominin Responses To Environmental Changes During The Middle Pleistocene In Central And Southern Italy ». Clim. Past 9(2): 687-697. http://www.clim-past.net/9/687/2013/.
    Résumé : The palaeobotanical record of early Palaeolithic sites from Western Europe indicates that hominins settled in different kinds of environments. During the "mid-Pleistocene transition (MPT)", from about 1 to 0.6 Ma, the transition from 41- to 100-ka dominant climatic oscillations, occurring within a long-term cooling trend, was associated with an aridity crisis which strongly modified the ecosystems. Starting from the MPT the more favourable climate of central and southern Italy provided propitious environmental conditions for long-term human occupations even during the glacial times. In fact, the human strategy of territory occupation was certainly driven by the availabilities of resources. Prehistoric sites such as Notarchirico (ca. 680–600 ka), La Pineta (ca. 600–620 ka), Guado San Nicola (ca. 380–350 ka) or Ceprano (ca. 345–355 ka) testify to a preferential occupation of the central and southern Apennines valleys during interglacial phases, while later interglacial occupations were oriented towards the coastal plains, as attested by the numerous settlements of the Roma Basin (ca. 300 ka). Faunal remains indicate that human subsistence behaviours benefited from a diversity of exploitable ecosystems, from semi-open to closed environments. In central and southern Italy, several palynological records have already illustrated the regional- and local-scale vegetation dynamic trends. During the Middle Pleistocene climate cycles, mixed mesophytic forests developed during the interglacial periods and withdrew in response to increasing aridity during the glacial episodes. New pollen data from the Boiano Basin (Molise, Italy) attest to the evolution of vegetation and climate between MIS 13 and 9 (ca. 500 to 300 ka). In this basin the persistence of high edaphic humidity, even during the glacial phases, could have favoured the establishment of a refuge area for the arboreal flora and provided subsistence resources for the animal and hominin communities during the Middle Pleistocene. This could have constrained human groups to migrate into such a propitious area. Regarding the local climate evolution during the glacial episodes, the supposed displacement from these sites could be linked to the environmental dynamics solely due to the aridity increase, rather than directly to the global climate changes.


  • Ossa Ossa, Frantz, El Albani, Abderrazak, Hofmann, Axel, Bekker, Andrey, Gauthier-Lafaye, François, Pambo, Florent, Meunier, Alain, Fontaine, Claude, Boulvais, Philippe, Pierson-Wickmann, Anne-Catherine, Cavalazzi, Barbara, et Macchiarelli, Roberto.0 « Exceptional Preservation Of Expandable Clay Minerals In The Ca. 2.1 Ga Black Shales Of The Francevillian Basin, Gabon And Its Implication For Atmospheric Oxygen Accumulation ». Chemical Geology 362: 181-192. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009254113003586.
    Résumé : Clay minerals are exceptionally well preserved in marine black shale of the ca. 2.1 Ga Francevillian Group in southeastern Gabon. The FB Formation of the Francevillian Group is characterized by smectite-rich clay minerals including randomly ordered (R0-type) and ordered (R1-type) mixed layer illite/smectite (I/S). The preservation of R0-type clay minerals suggests unexpectedly slow mineral transformation and a moderate degree of diagenesis, which is unique, considering the Paleoproterozoic age of the sedimentary rocks. R0- and R1-type, smectite-rich particles occur in stratigraphic intervals with high organic carbon content and are associated with carbonaceous filamentous structures, suggesting formation of clay–organic matter complexes. Our data suggests that clay minerals may have enhanced organic matter preservation, providing the oldest example where a link between clay minerals and organic matter sequestration can be established. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that clay minerals enhanced organic carbon burial and aided in atmospheric oxygen accumulation through time.
    Mots-clés : Atmospheric oxygen, clay minerals, clay–organic matter complexes, Francevillian Group, organic matter, Paleoproterozoic.

  • Paillet, Patrick, Man-Estier, Elena, et Bonnet-Jacquement, Peggy.0 « Des Œuvres D’Art Magdaléniennes Inédites À Pont D’Ambon (Bourdeilles, Dordogne, France) ». PALEO. Revue d'archéologie préhistorique (24): 249-255. http://paleo.revues.org/2668.
    Résumé : Une révision systématique et méthodique des collections fauniques provenant du site de Pont d’Ambon (fouilles G. Célérier), réalisée dans le cadre du Projet Collectif de Recherche « Peuplements et cultures à la fin du Tardiglaciaire dans le Nord du Périgord », dirigé par P. Paillet, a permis la découverte de trois objets d’art mobilier en contexte magdalénien supérieur, localisés dans le site du point de vue archéostratigraphique (couche 5, carré J8). Il s’agit des premières œuvres d’art découvertes dans les niveaux magdaléniens de Pont d’Ambon, fouillés seulement sur 1 m. Sous forme d’une prise de date, les auteurs proposent une première et brève lecture de ces pièces et en révèlent l’originalité et les spécificités techniques et stylistiques.
    Mots-clés : art figuratif, art mobilier, Magdalénien, pont d’Ambon, supports osseux.

  • Péan, Stéphane, Puaud, Simon, Crépin, Laurent, Prat, Sandrine, Quiles, Anita, der Plicht, Johannes van, Valladas, Hélène, Stuart, Anthony J., Drucker, Dorothée G., et Patou-Mathis, Marylène.0 « The Middle To Upper Paleolithic Sequence Of Buran-Kaya Iii (Crimea, Ukraine): New Stratigraphic, Paleoenvironmental, And Chronological Results ». Radiocarbon 55(2). http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&profile=ehost&scope=site&authtype=crawler&jrnl=00338222&AN=90644743&h=k5XYlL15IlsLazMAgPSHNbFWS67SE2w7aeiUftvw9xd19J7lucrVWfnkCQ6M5ES8aP0S82eiDeJzNROO5ZEVIQ%3D%3D&crl=c.


  • Picin, Andrea, Peresani, Marco, Falguères, Christophe, Gruppioni, Giulia, et Bahain, Jean-Jacques.0 « San Bernardino Cave (Italy) And The Appearance Of Levallois Technology In Europe: Results Of A Radiometric And Technological Reassessment ». PLoS ONE 8(10): e76182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076182.
    Résumé : The introduction of Levallois technology in Europe marked the transition from the Lower to the early Middle Paleolithic. This new method of flake production was accompanied by significant behavioral changes in hominin populations. The emergence of this technological advance is considered homogeneous in the European archaeological record at the Marine isotopic stage (MIS) 9/MIS 8 boundary. In this paper we report a series of combined electron spin resonance/U-series dates on mammal bones and teeth recovered from the lower units of San Bernardino Cave (Italy) and the technological analyses of the lithic assemblages. The San Bernardino Cave has yielded the earliest evidence of Levallois production on the Italian Peninsula recovered to date. In addition to our results and the review of the archaeological record, we describe the chronological and geographical differences between European territories and diversities in terms of technological developments. The belated emergence of Levallois technology in Italy compared to western Europe corresponds to the late Italian Neanderthal speciation event. The new radiometric dates and the technological analyses of San Bernardino Cave raise the issue of the different roles of glacial refugia in the peopling and the spread of innovative flaking strategies in Europe during the late Middle Pleistocene.


  • Porraz, Guillaume, Parkington, John E., Rigaud, Jean-Philippe, Miller, Christopher E., Poggenpoel, Cedric, Tribolo, Chantal, Archer, Will, Cartwright, Caroline R., Charrié-Duhaut, Armelle, Dayet, Laure, Igreja, Marina, Mercier, Norbert, Schmidt, Patrick, Verna, Christine, et Texier, Pierre-Jean.0 « The Msa Sequence Of Diepkloof And The History Of Southern African Late Pleistocene Populations ». Journal of Archaeological Science 40(9): 3542-3552. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305440313000782.
    Résumé : This paper presents the first multidisciplinary synthesis of the Middle Stone Age sequence of Diepkloof Rock Shelter (South Africa). We explore the main cultural changes that characterized southern African hunter–gatherer societies from OIS 5 to the beginning of OIS 3. We discuss the tempo of these changes, test the current interpretative hypotheses and explore an empirical model to explain the early appearance of symbolic marking within the Pleistocene hunter–gather societies of southern Africa. Major technological and cultural innovations appear in one form or another during OIS 5 in southern Africa, a period characterized by the coexistence of multiple, distinct technological traditions. We argue that the formation of regional identities in southern Africa would have favoured and increased cultural interactions between groups at a local scale, providing a favourable context for the development and diffusion of innovations. In the West Coast of South Africa, the main cultural innovations appear within the Howiesons Poort. It is within this context that we postulate a change in regional networks and population dynamics, leading to the success of the HP technology across southern Africa. The southern African data suggest that the history of modern humans has been characterized by multiple and independent evolutionary trajectories and that different paths and scenarios existed towards the adoption of ‘modern’ hunter–gatherer lifestyles.
    Mots-clés : Anatomically Modern Humans, Howiesons Poort, Innovations, Late Pleistocene, Modern hunter–gatherers, Regionalization, Southern Africa, Still Bay.


  • Puymerail, Laurent.0 « The Functionally-Related Signatures Characterizing The Endostructural Organisation Of The Femoral Shaft In Modern Humans And Chimpanzee ». Comptes Rendus Palevol 12(4): 223-231. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1631068313000444.
    Résumé : Within the limits imposed by a number of developmental and rheological factors, endostructural arrangement of the appendicular skeleton is consistent with the functional patterns of stress, where cortical bone topographic thickness variation in long bones primarily reflects the nature, direction, intensity, and frequency of the locomotion-related biomechanical loads. By applying techniques of cross-sectional geometric analysis and 3D morphometric mapping to a (micro)tomographic record consisting of 12 modern human and 10 chimpanzee adult femora, we have shown two distinct patterns (functional “signatures”) of cortical bone arrangement along the shaft (20–80% portion of the biomechanical length) specifically associated to the bipedal (Homo) and the quadrupedal modes (Pan). In particular, the inner structure of the human femoral diaphysis is adapted to antero-posterior loadings and presents a greater rigidity against posterior bending, while that of Pan is characterized by the presence of strong medial and lateral bony reinforcements positioned above its femoral midshaft. Dans les limites imposées par des contraintes développementales et rhéologiques, l’agencement endostructural du squelette appendiculaire est en adéquation avec les patrons fonctionnels de stress, où les variations topographiques d’épaisseur du tissu cortical des os longs reflètent la nature, la direction, l’intensité et la fréquence des charges biomécaniques en relation avec le mode locomoteur. Grâce à des techniques d’analyse des propriétés géométriques de section et de cartographie morphométrique 3D appliquées au registre (micro)tomographique d’un échantillon de 12 fémurs d’humains modernes et dix de chimpanzés, nous avons mis en évidence deux modèles distincts (« signature » fonctionnelle) d’arrangement de l’os cortical le long de la diaphyse (portion 20–80 % de la longueur biomécanique), spécifiquement en relation à la bipédie (Homo) et à la quadrupédie (Pan). En particulier, la structure interne de la diaphyse fémorale des humains modernes est adaptée aux contraintes antéropostérieures et présente une grande rigidité contre la flexion postérieure, alors que celle de Pan est caractérisée par la présence d’importants renforcements osseux au niveau médial et latéral positionnés au-dessus de la mi-diaphyse.
    Mots-clés : Diaphyse fémorale, Femoral shaft, Homo, Inner structure, locomotion, Pan, Structure interne.

  • Sala, Nohemi, Algaba, Milagros, Gomez-Olivencia, Asier, Pablos, Adrián, Bonmatí, Alejandro, Rodriguez, Laura, Garcia, Rebeca, et Arsuaga, Juan Luis.0 « Nuevos Restos Humanos Procedentes De La Cueva De La Zarzamora (Segovia, España) ». Munibe. Antropologia-arkeologia (64): 105–116. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=28175448.


  • Schmidt, P., Léa, V., Sciau, Ph., et Fröhlich, F.0 « Detecting And Quantifying Heat Treatment Of Flint And Other Silica Rocks: A New Non-Destructive Method Applied To Heat-Treated Flint From The Neolithic Chassey Culture, Southern France ». Archaeometry 55(5): 794–805. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2012.00712.x/abstract.
    Résumé : Heat treatment of lithic raw material is known from the Middle Stone Age to the Neolithic. These findings require archaeometric techniques and methods for detecting the heat-induced effects within lithic artefacts. However, the existing methods are often cost-intensive and time-consuming, and most of them are destructive. Here, we present a new method using the infrared spectroscopic measurement of the strength of H-bonds formed between surface silanole groups (SiOH) and H2O molecules held in open pores of the samples. The reduction of H-bond strength in chalcedony is shown to be strongly correlated with the loss of open pores induced by heat treatment. Hence, the method is based on measuring one of the transformations aimed for by the instigators of the heat treatment: the reduction of porosity that modifies the rock's mechanical properties. A first application to heat-treated material from the Neolithic Chassey culture (southern France) shows that flint was heated to temperatures between 200°C and 250°C in this period. This has important implications for the study of the procedures used and the heating environments. Our new method is non-destructive, rapid, cost-effective and allows for detection of the used annealing temperatures.
    Mots-clés : Chalcedony, CHASSÉEN, CHASSEY CULTURE, Flint, Heat treatment, NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY, POROSITY LOSS, Silanole (SiOH).


  • Schmidt, Patrick, Bellot-Gurlet, Ludovic, Léa, Vanessa, et Sciau, Philippe.0 « Moganite Detection In Silica Rocks Using Raman And Infrared Spectroscopy ». European Journal of Mineralogy 25(5): 797-805. http://eurjmin.geoscienceworld.org/content/25/5/797.
    Résumé : The quantitative determination of moganite in flint and chert plays an important role in the characterisation of these silica rocks and in the study of their genesis and evolution. Both Raman and infrared (IR) spectroscopy promise to be rapid and cost-effective tools for such studies. However, the use of vibrational spectra of moganite in silica rocks is hampered by the proximity of specific moganite bands with IR and Raman vibrations bands of non-bridging Si-O in silanol (SiOH) groups of chalcedony, the main coexisting silica phase. This may result in spectral interferences that lead to an overestimation of the moganite concentration. In order to calibrate quantitative moganite detection using IR and Raman spectroscopy, the spectra of chalcedony/moganite mixtures were studied using spectral decomposition. Heat treatment of the samples prior to their analysis is found to reduce the contribution of chalcedony silanol-bands to the measurement of the moganite bands, facilitating in this way the interpretation of the spectra. A new calibration curve is proposed for quantitative moganite detection using Raman spectroscopy. Infrared spectroscopy is also found to be useful for moganite quantification: a molar absorption coefficient of 43 L/mol·cm for the specific moganite-band at 575 cm−1 is derived for the first time. The exact position of the specific IR and Raman moganite-bands is found to depend on whether the mineral occurs intermixed with chalcedony or in pure form. This study opens new prospects for quantitative moganite detection in silica rocks using vibrational spectroscopy.
    Mots-clés : Chalcedony, chert, Flint, Moganite, silanol, Silica rocks, spectral decomposition, vibrational spectroscopy.


  • Schmidt, Patrick, Porraz, Guillaume, Slodczyk, Aneta, Bellot-gurlet, Ludovic, Archer, William, et Miller, Christopher E.0 « Heat Treatment In The South African Middle Stone Age: Temperature Induced Transformations Of Silcrete And Their Technological Implications ». Journal of Archaeological Science 40(9): 3519-3531. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305440312004670.
    Résumé : It was recently found that silcrete raw material was heat-treated during the South African Middle Stone Age (MSA) for altering its flaking properties. This finding led to hypotheses about the implications for the MSA hunter-gatherers such as the cost of thermal treatment in terms of investment and firewood. To date, these hypotheses lack a solid basis, for data on the thermal transformations of South African silcrete and, hence, the necessary heating procedure and heating environment, is missing. In order to produce such data, we conducted an experimental study within the framework of the Diepkloof project. This work is based on the petrographic, mineralogical and structural analysis of South African silcrete from the West Coast and its thermal transformations. Our results shed light on the nature of these transformations, the ideal heating temperatures and the tolerated heating speed. The processes occurring in silcrete are comparable to flint, i.e. the loss of chemically bound ‘water’ and the formation of new Si–O–Si bonds, but their intensity is less pronounced. Effective heating temperatures are significantly higher than for flint and the heating speed tolerated by South African silcrete is relatively fast. These findings imply that silcrete heat treatment cannot be directly compared with flint heat treatment. Unlike flint, heating silcrete does not require the setup of a dedicated heating environment and may have been performed in the same time as other fire related activities. This would represent only a minor supplementary investment in time and firewood. These results have broad implications for the discussion about technological evolution and the acquisition of specialised knowledge in the MSA.
    Mots-clés : Heat treatment, MSA, Raw material, Silcrete, South Africa, Thermal properties.


  • Schmidt, Patrick, Slodczyk, Aneta, Léa, Vanessa, Davidson, Anne, Puaud, Simon, et Sciau, Philippe.0 « A Comparative Study Of The Thermal Behaviour Of Length-Fast Chalcedony, Length-Slow Chalcedony (Quartzine) And Moganite ». Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 40(4): 331-340. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00269-013-0574-8.
    Résumé : The thermal behaviour of silica rocks upon heat treatment is dependent on the constituent minerals and petrographic texture types. These constituents can be shown to be mainly quartz in the form of two types of chalcedony (Length-fast (LF) chalcedony and Length-slow (LS) chalcedony, the latter also being termed quartzine) and moganite. Even though the thermal behaviour of LF-chalcedony is well understood, major uncertainties persist concerning the high-temperature behaviour of LS-chalcedony and moganite. We present here a comparative study of these three constituents of common silica rocks. Our results show that the chemical reaction is the same in all three, Si–OH + HO–Si → Si–O–Si + H2O, but that the reaction kinetics and activation temperatures are very different. LS-chalcedony begins to react from 200 °C upwards, that is at temperatures 50 °C below the ones observed in LF-chalcedony, and shows the fastest reaction kinetics of this ‘water’ loss. Chemically bound water (SiOH) in moganite is more stable at high temperatures and no specific activation temperature is necessary for triggering the temperature-induced ‘water’ loss. Moganite is also found to act as a stabilizer in silica rocks preventing them from temperature-induced fracturing. These findings have implications for the study of potential heat treatment temperatures of silica rocks (in industry and heritage studies), but they also shed light on the different structures of SiO2 minerals and the role of OH impurities therein.
    Mots-clés : Chalcedony, Crystallography, Geochemistry, Heat treatment, Mineral Resources, Mineralogy, Moganite, Quartzine, Silanole (SiOH), Silica rocks.


  • Stoetzel, Emmanuelle.0 « Late Cenozoic Micromammal Biochronology Of Northwestern Africa ». Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 392: 359-381. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018213004379.
    Résumé : This synthesis aims to integrate former, recent and unpublished data on fossil micromammals (Rodentia, Erinaceomorpha, Soricomorpha, Chiroptera) from Moroccan, Algerian and Tunisian archeological and paleontological sites. An updated biochronology of these taxa is established from the middle Miocene to the Holocene. Ten main biozones are defined: they are characterized by specific faunal assemblages, whose evolution and migrations were influenced by geologic and climatic events throughout the studied period. During the Miocene, Myocricetodontinae were dominant. This period was followed by a progressive diversification among Murinae, Gerbillinae, and Crocidurinae from the Plio-Pleistocene onwards, along with sporadic occurrences of European, Asian and sub-Saharan taxa, before a decrease in small mammal diversity at the beginning of the late Pleistocene, while modern faunas stabilized. Overall, the new biochronology matches well with the former ones. However, some slight discrepancies emerge, notably because the former biochronologies were based on more sporadic data and often did not consider the whole small mammal faunas. The present work represents the first complete biochronological synthesis of North African small faunas for the whole late Cenozoic, which should be useful for paleontologists and archeologists in providing an up-to-date framework into which future discoveries will easily find their place.
    Mots-clés : Holocene, Miocene, Northwestern Africa, Pleistocene, Pliocene, Small mammals.


  • Stoetzel, Emmanuelle, Denys, Christiane, Michaux, Jacques, et Renaud, Sabrina.0 « Mus In Morocco: A Quaternary Sequence Of Intraspecific Evolution ». Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 109(3): 599-621. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bij.12065/abstract.
    Résumé : North Africa is an intricate biogeographical region at the crossroads of immigration waves from tropical Africa and Asia. Species confined between various barriers (Atlas Mountains, arid environments such as the Sahara in the south, water masses such as the Mediterranean Sea in the north, and the Atlantic Ocean in the west) were generally forced to adapt locally to environmental changes instead of tracking their habitat by shifting their distribution area. The present study aims at providing first insight into the evolution of the genus Mus, and more specifically of the western Mediterranean species Mus spretus in this area. The study relies on the abundant Late Pleistocene and Middle Holocene fossil assemblage from the El Harhoura 2 cave (Rabat-Témara, Morocco). This exceptional record was studied using geometric morphometrics applied to first upper and lower molars, constituting the most informative and best preserved fossil remains for such small rodents. Two main issues were addressed. (1) Geometric morphometrics was used to clarify taxonomic status and phylogenetic relationships among fossil and modern species in this area. Morphometric analysis revealed good discrimination of most modern and fossil species but failed to document intermediate forms tracing anagenetic evolution. Not mutually exclusive, the occurrence of complex processes of morphological evolution in this genus such as parallel evolution and the action of stabilizing selection may make it difficult to translate patterns of morphological evolution into phylogenetic conclusions. (2) The record was shown to document a sequence of intraspecific evolution of M. spretus. The morphology of the molars through the fossil record of El Harhoura 2 was surprisingly stable despite extensive modern variation. The limited temporal variation largely failed to correlate to palaeoenvironmental proxies. The mouse fossil record at El Harhoura 2 thus presents an intriguing case of morphological stasis despite extensive environmental changes. This long-term stability may have been recently perturbed by anthropogenic factors including landscape changes and introduction of various competitors and predators, leading to a size reduction. © 2013 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2013, 109, 599–621.
    Mots-clés : Elliptic Fourier Analysis of outlines, first upper and lower molars, geometric morphometrics, Holocene, Morocco, Murinae, Rodentia, Pleistocene.


  • Sun, X., Lu, H., Yi, S., et Bahain, J. -J.0 « Age And Paleoenvironment Of Paleolithic Stone Artifact Remains Discovered In The Tengger Desert, Northern China ». Journal of Arid Environments 91: 129-137. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196312003266.
    Résumé : In northern China, environmental changes in the transitional zone from the sandy desert to the loess plateau have been regarded as an important issue in the understanding of climate changes and the remains of hominin activities found in this zone provide a solid line of evidence to support the reconstruction of environmental conditions during the late Pleistocene. In 2006, many stone artifacts were collected on the surface in the southeastern Tengger Desert, Northern China. The Tengger lithic assemblage is correlated to the Late Middle to Early Upper Paleolithic stage and with the typical and extensively investigated Shuidonggou site some 140 km north–east of the Tengger localities. In order to evaluate both the age and the environmental conditions prevailing during human occupation despite the lack of associated stratigraphies, we have tried to place the Tengger localities into the Late Pleistocene climatic framework using the available published data provided by Mu Us Desert sand–loess sections and records of Tengger paleolake levels, respectively eastwards and westwards from the newly discovered localities. Additionally, an unpublished sand–loess section was studied by optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) near Zhongwei city, around 170 km to the south. All the data suggests that the optimal time for hominin activity in the Tengger Desert would have been from 42 to 22 ka, during a period of relatively humid conditions when the climate of the area was governed by the strengthened summer East Asian monsoon.
    Mots-clés : Environmental change, Late Middle–Early Upper paleolithic, Late Pleistocene, Loess–desert transitional zone.

  • Tissoux, Hélène, Prognon, François, Voinchet, Pierre, Lacquement, Frédéric, Tourliere, Bruno, et Bahain, Jean-Jacques.0 « Apport Des Datations Esr À La Connaissance Des Dépôts Sableux Plio-Pléistocènes En Sologne, Premiers Résultats ». Quaternaire 24(2): 141–153. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=27520523.


  • Toro-Moyano, Isidro, Martínez-Navarro, Bienvenido, Agustí, Jordi, Souday, Caroline, Bermúdez de Castro, José María, Martinón-Torres, María, Fajardo, Beatriz, Duval, Mathieu, Falguères, Christophe, Oms, Oriol, Parés, Josep Maria, Anadón, Pere, Julià, Ramón, García-Aguilar, José Manuel, Moigne, Anne-Marie, Espigares, María Patrocinio, Ros-Montoya, Sergio, et Palmqvist, Paul.0 « The Oldest Human Fossil In Europe, From Orce (Spain) ». Journal of Human Evolution 65(1): 1-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248413000304.
    Résumé : The Orce region has one of the best late Pliocene and early Pleistocene continental paleobiological records of Europe. It is situated in the northeastern sector of the intramontane Guadix-Baza Basin (Granada, Andalusia, southern Spain). Here we describe a new fossil hominin tooth from the site of Barranco León, dated between 1.02 and 1.73 Ma (millions of years ago) by Electron Spin Resonance (ESR), which, in combination with paleomagnetic and biochronologic data, is estimated to be close to 1.4 Ma. While the range of dates obtained from these various methods overlaps with those published for the Sima del Elefante hominin locality (1.2 Ma), the overwhelming majority of evidence points to an older age. Thus, at the moment, the Barranco León hominin is the oldest from Western Europe.
    Mots-clés : Barranco León, Early Pleistocene, Human tooth.


  • Tuniz, C., Bernardini, F., Cicuttin, A., Crespo, M. L., Dreossi, D., Gianoncelli, A., Mancini, L., Mendoza Cuevas, A., Sodini, N., Tromba, G., Zanini, F., et Zanolli, C.0 « The Ictp-Elettra X-Ray Laboratory For Cultural Heritage And Archaeology ». Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 711: 106-110. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168900213001381.
    Résumé : A set of portable/transportable X-ray analytical instruments based on radiography, microtomography, fluorescence and diffraction have been built and are being operated at the Multidisciplinary Laboratory (MLAB) of the ‘Abdus Salam’ International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in collaboration with Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste. This is part of a project funded by the Region Friuli Venezia Giulia (Italy) and the ICTP, which aims to develop innovative X-ray analytical tools for noninvasive studies of cultural heritage objects and palaeontological remains. The X-ray instruments at MLAB are also used for hands-on training activities involving students and scientists from developing countries. The MLAB analytical tools complement the microtomography instruments available at Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste. Examples of our first studies in archaeological and palaeontological applications are presented here.
    Mots-clés : Archaeology, Palaeontology, X-ray microtomography, XRD, XRF.


  • Valensi, Patricia, Michel, Véronique, El Guennouni, Khalid, et Liouville, Marie.0 « New Data On Human Behavior From A 160,000 Year Old Acheulean Occupation Level At Lazaret Cave, South-East France: An Archaeozoological Approach ». Quaternary International 316: 123-139. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618213008124.
    Résumé : The UA 25 archaeostratigraphic unit of Lazaret cave is an exceptional Acheulean occupation level with abundant lithic and bone material and reveals a clear organization of activities carried out in the cave. In this paper, large mammals are studied from an archaeozoological perspective using a variety of methods of analysis, in order to increase our understanding of the behavior, way of life and environment of the Lazaret Acheuleans. During one autumn hunting episode, twenty-three red deer, six ibexes, three aurochs and one roe deer were slaughtered. For the most part, it appears that Anteneanderthals processed these carcasses inside the cave. They then left more than 600 bone remains piled into a heap with a diameter of 80 cm in the middle of the cave. The study of diversity indexes points towards selective red deer hunting, independently of the prey available in the environment. On the other hand, as far as the deer is concerned, hunted animals do not seem to have been selected within the herd on the basis of factors such as age or sex. The presence of the ibex, the second most hunted species at the site, seems to be directly linked to climatic conditions and its relative abundance in the environment.


  • Vercoutère, Carole, Guérin, Claude, Crépin, Laurent, Richardin, Pascale, Gandolfo, Nathalie, Vincent, Julien, Marsac, Jean, Cersoy, Sophie, Rousselière, Hélène, Walter, Philippe, Brunelle, Alain, Nowik, Witold, Brissaud, Didier, Drucker, Dorothée G., van der Plicht, Johannes, Patou-Mathis, Marylène, et Vialet, Amélie.0 « Étude Pluridisciplinaire Du Squelette De Rhinocéros Laineux, Coelodonta Antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1799), De L’Institut De Paléontologie Humaine (Paris, France) ». L'Anthropologie 117(1): 1-47. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003552113000046.
    Résumé : En 2010, la fondation Institut de paléontologie humaine (Paris) a acquis un squelette monté de rhinocéros laineux, Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1799), dont le remarquable état de conservation a permis une étude pluridisciplinaire : analyses anatomique, biométrique, géochronologique (datations par le carbone-14 par AMS de la corne et de certains os) et biogéochimique (reconstitution de la paléoalimentation et du paléoenvironnement par la méthode des isotopes du carbone et de l’azote). Une recherche sur l’origine de ce spécimen et son parcours avant son acquisition a également été menée. Ces différentes investigations nous ont conduits à préciser l’identification spécifique du fossile sibérien, son âge biologique et son sexe, ainsi que son attribution chronologique et son comportement alimentaire. In 2010, the foundation Institut de paléontologie humaine (Paris) acquired an assembled skeleton of woolly rhinoceros, Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1799). Its exceptional state of preservation allowed a multidisciplinary study: anatomical, biometrical, geochronological (AMS radiocarbon dating on horn and some bones) and biogeochemical analyses (reconstruction of the palaeodiet and the palaeoenvironment using the method of carbon and nitrogen isotopes). A research about the origin of this specimen and its story before its acquisition was also carried out. These different investigations led us to precise the species identification of this Siberian fossil, its biological age and its gender, as well as its chronological attribution and its dietary behavior.
    Mots-clés : Analyse pluridisciplinaire, Biogéochimie, Biogeochemistry, Coelodonta antiquitatis, Géochronologie, Geochronology, Institut de paléontologie humaine, Institute of human palaeontology, Morphométrie, Morphometry, Multidisciplinary analysis.


  • Vialou, Denis, et Vilhena Vialou, Agueda.0 « Fressignes (Indre, France), Campement De Chasseurs Solutréens Aux Limites De L’Extrême Septentrional ». Espacio Tiempo y Forma. Serie I, Prehistoria y Arqueología (5). http://e-spacio.uned.es/revistasuned/index.php/ETFI/article/view/9274.
    Résumé : Fressignes (Indre, France), campement de chasseurs solutréens aux limites de l’extrême septentrional
    Mots-clés : armatures, campamento, campement, habitat, hábitat, outils, proyectiles, Solutréen supérieur, Solutrense superior, utensilios.


  • Voinchet, Pierre, Yin, Gongming, Falguères, Christophe, Liu, Chunru, Han, Fei, Sun, Xuefeng, et Bahain, Jean Jacques.0 « Esr Dose Response Of Al Center Measured In Quartz Samples From The Yellow River (China): Implications For The Dating Of Upper Pleistocene Sediment ». Geochronometria 40(4): 341-347. http://link.springer.com/article/10.2478/s13386-013-0131-8.
    Résumé : The ESR dating method requires to describe the evolution of the ESR signal intensities vs. increasing gamma doses, then to extrapolate the equivalent dose of radiation received by the sample since its deposition using mathematical fitting. The function classically used to describe the growth curves of ESR aluminium signal in quartz was recently discussed and challenged for Lower Pleistocene sediments. In the present work, some alluvial sediments sampled in Upper Pleistocene fluvial terraces of the Yellow River system (China) permit us to test the application of another extrapolation function (linear + exponential) recently proposed for Lower Pleistocene sediments. The equivalent doses obtained here for the recent deposits of the Yellow River system and the corresponding ages are promising and indicate the potential of ESR to date quartz deposits from Upper Pleistocene times.
    Mots-clés : Earth Sciences, general, Environmental Monitoring/Analysis, equivalent dose determination, ESR dating method, exponential plus linear function, Quantitative Geology, Quartz, upper Pleistocene.


  • Zanolli, Clément.0 « Additional Evidence For Morpho-Dimensional Tooth Crown Variation In A New Indonesian H. Erectus Sample From The Sangiran Dome (Central Java) ». PLoS ONE 8(7): e67233. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067233.
    Résumé : This contribution reports fifteen human fossil dental remains found during the last two decades in the Sangiran Dome area, in Central Java, Indonesia. Among this sample, only one of the specimens had already been briefly described, with the other fourteen remaining unreported. Seven of the fifteen isolated teeth were found in a secured stratigraphic context in the late Lower-early Middle Pleistocene Kabuh Formation. The remaining elements were surface finds which, based on coincidental sources of information, were inferred as coming from the Kabuh Formation. Mainly constituted of permanent molars, but also including one upper incisor and one upper premolar, this dental sample brings additional evidence for a marked degree of size variation and time-related structural reduction in Javanese H. erectus. This is notably expressed by a significant decrease of the mesiodistal diameter, frequently associated to the reduction or even loss of the lower molar distal cusp (hypoconulid) and to a more square occlusal outline. In addition to the hypoconulid reduction or loss, this new sample also exhibits a low frequency of the occlusal Y-groove pattern, with a dominance of the X and, to a lesser extent, of the+patterns. This combination is rare in the Lower and early Middle Pleistocene paleoanthropological record, including in the early Javanese dental assemblage from the Sangiran Dome. On the other hand, similar dental features are found in Chinese H. erectus and in H. heidelbergensis. As a whole, this new record confirms the complex nature of the intermittent exchanges that occurred between continental and insular Southeast Asia through the Pleistocene.


  • Zanolli, Clément, et Mazurier, Arnaud.0 « Endostructural Characterization Of The H. Heidelbergensis Dental Remains From The Early Middle Pleistocene Site Of Tighenif, Algeria ». Comptes Rendus Palevol 12(5): 293-304. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1631068313000869.
    Résumé : The early Middle Pleistocene human fossil assemblage from Tighenif, Algeria, likely samples some among the earliest representatives of the Homo heidelbergensis morph. A previous study of three deciduous molars from this assemblage revealed an inner structural signature (crown tissue proportions and enamel thickness topography) roughly approximating the modern human figures. By using advanced techniques of microtomographic-based 3D virtual imaging and quantitative analysis, we significantly extend here the currently available record to 22 permanent teeth, mostly from the mandibular dentition, and provide the first detailed description of the structural condition characterizing this North African deme near the Lower-Middle Pleistocene boundary. Together with a certain degree of individual variation, the teeth of Tighenif exhibit a structural pattern combining primitive, derived, and unique features. The lower molars display a set of enamel-dentine junction nonmetric traits more frequently found in recent humans than in Neanderthals, but also a blend of Neanderthal- and modern-like characteristics in terms of structural conformation and crown tissue proportions. They also exhibit relatively large pulp cavities, with a rather high root bifurcation and well-separated pulp canals, a pattern more closely approximating the condition reported for Late Pleistocene Aterians. L’assemblage humain fossile du site pléistocène initial de Tighenif, en Algérie, compte vraisemblablement parmi les premiers représentants du morphe Homo heidelbergensis. Une précédente étude de trois molaires déciduales de cet assemblage a révélé une signature structurale interne (proportions des tissus de la couronne et topographie de l’épaisseur de l’émail) approchant le schéma humain moderne. En utilisant des techniques avancées d’imagerie virtuelle et d’analyse quantitative 3D basées sur la microtomographie, nous étendons ici de manière significative le registre actuellement disponible à 22 dents permanentes, principalement de la denture mandibulaire, et fournissons les premières descriptions détaillées de la condition structurale caractérisant cette population Nord-Africaine, autour de la limite Pléistocène inférieur-moyen. Malgré un certain degré de variation individuelle, les dents de Tighenif montrent un patron structural combinant des caractéristiques primitives, dérivées et uniques. Les molaires inférieures dévoilent au niveau de la jonction émail-dentine un ensemble de traits non métriques plus fréquemment trouvés chez les humains modernes que chez les Néandertaliens, mais aussi un mélange de caractéristiques semblables soit à celles des Néandertaliens, soit à celles des humains modernes en termes de conformation structurale et de proportions des tissus. Elles présentent aussi des cavités pulpaires volumineuses, avec une bifurcation radiculaire assez élevée et des canaux pulpaires bien séparés, s’approchant plus particulièrement de la condition rapportée pour des Atériens du Pléistocène supérieur.
    Mots-clés : Algérie, Algeria, Dents permanentes, Early Middle Pleistocene, H. heidelbergensis, Morphologie structurale, Permanent teeth, Pléistocène moyen initial, Proportions des tissus, Structural morphology, Tighenif, Tissue proportions.

  • Zazzo, Antoine, Lebon, Matthieu, Chiotti, Laurent, Comby, Clothilde, Delqué-Količ, Emmanuelle, Nespoulet, Roland, et Reiche, Ina.0 « Can We Use Calcined Bones For Radiocarbon Dating The Paleolithic? ». Radiocarbon 55(2–3): 1409–1421. https://journals.uair.arizona.edu/index.php/radiocarbon/article/view/16228.


  • Zeitoun, Valery, Auetrakulvit, Prasit, Forestier, Hubert, Zazzo, Antoine, Davtian, Gourgen, Nakbunlung, Supaporn, et Tiamtinkrit, Chaturaporn.0 « Discovery Of A Mesolithic Burial Near The Painted Rock-Shelter Of Ban Tha Si (Lampang Province, Northern Thailand): Implications For Regional Mortuary Practices ». Comptes Rendus Palevol 12(2): 127-136. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1631068312001558.
    Résumé : Although the oldest Neolithic cultures in eastern Asia have for the most part been documented in China and Vietnam, a large number of Early Metal Age sites have been reported in northeastern Thailand. On the other hand, the Hoabinhian, principally identified by its characteristic unifacial tools, is known throughout the Late Pleistocene up until 3000 BP and is spread across the whole of continental Southeast Asia. The chronology of Hoabihnian lithic assemblages is still poorly documented and burials from the period are scarce and often do not provide enough information to allow the evolution of regional mortuary practices to be investigated. Here we describe a burial dated to 7047 ± 53 BP found associated with a Hoabinhian stone tool assemblage and fauna near the painted rock-shelter of Ban Tha Si. This discovery provides important new chrono-cultural information for continental Southeast Asia, especially with regard to changing regional mortuary practices. Alors que les cultures du Néolithique ancien d’Asie orientale ont essentiellement été décrites en Chine et au Vietnam, les cultures de l’Âge des Métaux ont abondamment été documentées dans le Nord-Est de la Thaïlande. Par ailleurs, le Hoabinhien, principalement identifié par ses outils unifaciaux caractéristiques,est connu du Pléistocène tardif jusque vers 3000 BP sur l’ensemble du Sud-Est asiatique continental. La chronologie des assemblages lithiques hoabinhiens reste encore peu documentée et les sépultures de cette période sont rares et ne procurent ainsi que peu d’information permettant de suivre l’évolution des pratiques funéraires. Nous décrivons ici une sépulture inédite qui a été datée de 7047 ± 53 BP et qui est associée à un assemblage lithique hoabinhien dans l’abri-sous-roche orné de Ban Tha Si. Cette découverte apporte des informations chronoculturelles nouvelles pour l’Asie du Sud-Est continental et permet de dresser un premier panorama de l’évolution des pratiques funéraires de cette période.
    Mots-clés : Anthropologie de terrain, Art rupestre, Field anthropology, Hoabinhian, Hoabinhien, Mortuary practices, Pratiques funéraires, Radiocarbon dating, Radiocarbone, Rock art.


  • Zeitoun, Valery, Forestier, Hubert, Rasse, Michel, Auetrakulvit, Prasit, Kim, Jeongmin, et Tiamtinkrit, Chaturaporn.0 « The Ban Don Mun Artifacts: A Chronological Reappraisal Of Human Occupations In The Lampang Province Of Northern Thailand ». Journal of Human Evolution 65(1): 10-20. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248413000973.
    Résumé : Despite recent stone tool evidence demonstrating a much older Early Pleistocene human presence in India, the timing and geography of human demographic expansions in continental Southeast Asia remains ambiguous. The recent discovery of a series of stone artifacts spread over a basalt level at Ban Don Mun in the Lampang province of northern Thailand presents an ideal opportunity for reevaluating lithic assemblages documented during the 1970s and 1980s in the same region. Both the position of these stone tools and new absolute dates indicate a Middle Pleistocene age and call into question the status of these artifacts as the oldest yet found in Southeast Asia. The uncertain geo-chronological context and technological analysis of the chopper industry from previous work in the Lampang area prompted us to undertake new surveys in continental Southeast Asia in order to help clarify the route and timing of Pleistocene human expansions in this part of the world.
    Mots-clés : Chopper, Chronology, Middle Pleistocene, Movius Line, Southeast Asia.
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